The state of Indian agriculture can be gauged by these numbers. Have a look at them.
- Agriculture still is the biggest employer for our population, accounts for 54.6% of total employment.
- In 2013-14, the share of GDP by agriculture is 13.4%, while the decreasing share is good, as it indicates we are moving more towards Industrialisation, but 54.6% accounting for only 13.4% is very bad ratio to have.
- Average landholding size in India is approximately 1.16 Hectares.
- Our population growth per annum being 2.1% , our food grains growth is 2.5%, means we are nearly self-sufficient,
- India ranks first in productivity of Grapes, Bananas, Cassava, peas and papaya.
- Yield of our food grains on an average has increased by more than three times. Used to be 552 kg per hectare in 1950-1951 and 1703 kg in 2004-2005
- Wheat’s yield in particular has increased significantly by 4 times i.e., 400%
- While maximum area is under Pulses, and maximum output is of Pulses, India ranks 138 in the list of yield of Pulses in the world. Since independence yield of Pulses has only increased 35%.
The lower levels in terms of crop yields shows that Indian Agriculture has enormous potential to grow by adopting better agricultural technology. Too much labour is occupied in Agriculture where their landholding is very small for them to invest more in the agriculture.
It is high time we take land reforms strictly and implement them by handholding if required, introduce more technology in agriculture, and better , if such technology comes from Indian industries or Made in India.